Pakistan Education Atlas
The National Educational Management Information System (NEMIS) is an integral part of the
Academy of Educational Planning and Management (AEPAM). The main purpose of NEMIS is
to consolidate and collate education statistics, maintain a comprehensive national education
database, set standards for quality improvement of education data, and provide technical
support to the provincial and district Education Management Information Systems (EMIS) to
generate and maintain data. The EMIS units are responsible for collection, compilation,
analysis and dissemination of education statistics/data of their respective provinces/regions.
These units usually collect data through their district EMIS cells by conducting the annual
school census. The provincial data is transmitted to NEMIS for consolidation at the national
level. AEPAM plays a coordination role in addressing crucial issues and problems arising with
regard to the compatibility of questionnaires, statistical terminologies, data requirements
for the development of core educational indicators, data discrepancies and inconsistencies,
data reliability and validity and the timely availability of data.
The Pakistan Education Atlas analyses the available information geographically to see the
spatial patterns of various indicators. All the indicators used in this publication were selected
through stakeholder consultations and capitalizing primarily on available data. The
population dependent variables such as Net Enrolment Rate (NER) and Gross Enrolment
Rate (GER) were not calculated due to the unavailability of representative population data
for the school-going age groups. The data on mixed schools (co-educational) is also not
included in the analysis owing to differences between provinces on the definition and
registration of mixed schools.
Below are the definitions of the main indicators used in this atlas;
Enrolment by Stage: Enrolment by Stage defines the students enrolled in a particular class range irrespective of the official gender or level of the school. Two stages of education are discussed in this atlas i.e. “Primary Stage” (Class 0-5) and “Middle and Secondary Stage” (Class 6-12). Middle and secondary stage is a super set of Middle Stage (Class 6-8), High Stage (Class 9-10) and Higher Secondary Stage (Class 11-12).
Primary Schools: A primary school is an institution in which children receive the first stage of
education that is from class zero (Kachi) to class five. However, some primary schools also
provide education till class eight (Middle Stage) or even higher.
Middle Schools: In middle schools children receive middle stage of education. Most of the middle schools have primary stage and some also have a High stage.
High Schools: In high schools students receive education at High stage and most of the high schools have middle stage and some have primary stage too. Some of the high schools offer education till class 12 and are known as Higher Secondary Schools.
Note: The term “Middle and Secondary Schools” is a super set of Middle, High and Higher Secondary Schools.
Gender Parity Index (GPI) of Enrolment: This reflects girls’ level of access to education compared to that of boys. In its crude form it is a ratio of girls enrolment to the boys’ enrolment though it is also calculated for other educational indicators such as survival rate to grade five or drop out rate etc. A GPI of less than 1 indicates that there are fewer girls than boys in the formal education system. A GPI of more than 1 means that there are proportionately more girls enrolled as compared to the boys. A score of 1 reflects equal enrolment for boys and girls. It is calculated using the following formula;
Indicator Value for Girls
Gender Parity Index = --------------------------------------- x 100
Indicator Value for Boys
Pupil-Teacher Ratio (PTR): This is one of the most common indicators used in educational planning. A low number of pupils per teacher suggests that students will have a higher chance of contact with the teachers and hence a better teaching‐learning process. This would also tend to indicate a more expensive education. This ratio is also used to measure the level of human resource input (teachers). Many planners also use this ratio for projecting the number of teachers required. It can be calculated by dividing the total number of pupils enrolled in a specific education level by the number of teacher at the same level.
Total number of pupils enrolled in a particular education level
PTR = ----------------------------------------------------------------------
Total number of teachers in same level
Survival Rate to Grade Five: This is the proportion of a cohort of pupils who reached Grade 5 expressed as a percentage of pupils enrolled in the first grade of a given cycle in a given school year. This indicator is used to show the extent to which the school system can retain pupils, with or without repetition, and reflects the dropout rate. It is also used to measure the impact of dropout on internal efficiency. It is calculated by dividing the total number of pupils belonging to a pupil cohort who reached Grade 5 of primary education by the number of pupils in the original pupil cohort (i.e. those pupils who enrolled together in the first grade of primary education) multiplied by 100. Usually this indicator is typically derived using a reconstructed student cohort flow model. It requires the following data:
Message from Federal Minister for Education and Training
Sheikh Waqqas Akram
Education has proven to be a pre-requisite for the harmonious functioning of any society and is a key factor in developing a nation. It is, undoubtedly, the main catalyst to galvanize the economic, social and political growth of society in general. By keeping in mind the importance of education, the Government of Pakistan, and in particular the Ministry of Education and Training is committed to provide compulsory primary education to every child between the ages of 5-16 years. The Ministry is also making strong endeavors to provide quality secondary and tertiary education to all students. We are also aiming to build up a highly accessible and equitable education system in the country.
In order to achieve these goals, we need an up to date a comprehensive mechanism of compiling and consolidating educational statistics. The Pakistan Education Atlas 2012 is providing such an avenue for educational planners, decision makers and researchers. Modern technologies, like Geographical Information System (GIS) etc. have been extensively used to show the spatial spread of educational institutions throughout the country.
I would like to convey my profound appreciations to AEPAM for preparing this Atlas which I feel will prove to be very useful.
Message from Education Secretary
Qamar Zaman Chaudhry
It is the need of the hour to have quality education in the country. The Ministry of Education and Training is fully aware of this and is making continued efforts to provide quality education at primary, middle and secondary as well as tertiary levels. We are also committed to achieve the EFA and MDG Goals by the year 2015. In order to have an insight into the parameters and indicators through data that is easily comprehended and presented.
In order to present the educational data, the National Education Management Information System (NEMIS) at the Academy of Educational Planning and Management (AEPAM) has published the 2nd version of the Pakistan Education Atlas 2012. NEMIS has the core functions of collection, consolidation and dissemination of relevant and useful educational statistics. The Atlas depicts detailed statistics which have the potential to assist in making action plans, help in policy formulation and improve existing practices as well as promote effective uses of scarce resources.
Through past experience it has proved that Pakistan Education Atlas 2012 is an effective medium to disseminate educational statistics for educational planning and policy implementation. The selection of modern technologies and user friendly interface has increased its effectiveness and usability for all the stakeholders. AEPAM, with technical and financial collaboration of World Food Programme (WFP), has developed this Atlas as well as an on-line version of Pakistan Education Atlas 2012.
Pakistan Education Atlas 2012 will open new dimension of thoughts for education planers, managers and policy makers. It will also provide a reliable source of information for national and international Organizations as well as for the researchers doing analytical work in the education sector of Pakistan.
Message from WFP Representative
The World Food Programme has a long history of working closely with the Government of Pakistan to increase enrolment in primary education. Through its food-based interventions, WFP has been working towards the objectives of increasing access, retaining students and ensuring the completion of the primary education cycle. While in the past, WFP has provided school feeding in all provinces of Pakistan, funding constraints have limited its interventions in 2013 to schools in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas. However, WFP remains committed to providing assistance to improve the existing data analysis mechanisms to ensure an improved system of collecting, presenting and sharing education data from across the whole country for decision making and strategic planning.
In recent years, WFP has been seeking to expand its activities from the primary focus of saving lives in emergencies to placing a greater emphasis on supporting national institutional capacity development to improve lives and livelihoods. To achieve this, WFP has long recognized the importance of raising educational coverage and standards among the new generation. The provision of accurate and comprehensive data on primary education is an essential part of this process.
In 2010, working jointly with the Academy of Educational Planning and Management, (AEPAM), WFP produced the Pakistan Education Atlas 2010 to improve the use of available education-related information and enhance its quality. For the Atlas, school level data was aggregated at the district level, allowing users to access decentralized information on various indicators enabling them to examine spatial patterns and to place them against the backdrop of population and topographic features.
The 2010 Atlas has now been updated by WFP and AEPAM resulting in the completion of the new Pakistan Education Atlas 2012. Besides updating the information provided in 2010, the new atlas has aggregated indicators at the Tehsil level and added new indicators focusing on teachers, classrooms and shelter less schools, thus providing a comprehensive picture of the education scenario in Pakistan.
An on-line inter-active version of the atlas has also been produced, providing the same information, with a more dynamic representation, allowing users to switch between Atlas 2010 and 2012 to compare indicators in both.
I would like to take this opportunity to thank AEPAM and WFP colleagues for their dedicated work on the Pakistan Education Atlas 2012.
|About this Project|
National Education Management Information System
Academy if Educational Planning and Management,
Taleemi Chowk, G-8/1 Islamabad-44000, Pakistan.
World Food Programme Pakistan Country Office
Post Office Box 3030,